Energy Access

What happened to global access to electricity between 2010 and 2012?

There have been notable advances in electrification—driven primarily by India— but progress in Africa remains far too slow.

  • Annual growth in access to electricity reached 0.6 percent, approaching the target growth rate of 0.7 percent required to reach universal access by 2030 (see figure 1).
  • 222 million people gained access to electricity — mainly in urban areas — well ahead of the 138 million population increase that took place over the same period.
  • As a result the share of global population with access to electricity rose from 83 to 85 percent.  
  • And the number of people without access to electricity declined from 1.2 billion to 1.1 billion.

Figure 1: Annual growth rate of access to electricity


What happened to global access to modern cooking fuels between 2010 and 2012?

By contrast, access to clean cooking continues to fall behind population leading to negligible progress overall.

  • Annual growth in access to non-solid fuels during the tracking period was negative 0.1 percent, woefully short of the 1.7 percent target growth rate required to reach universal access by 2030 (see figure 2).
  • 125 million people gained access to non-solid fuels — mainly in urban areas — less than the 138 million population increase that took place over the same period. 
  • As a result the share of global population with access to non-solid fuels barely rose, from 58 to 59 percent
  • And the number of people without access to electricity remained around 2.9 billion

Figure 2: Annual growth rate of access to non-solid fuels

Energy Access

Tracking Energy Access


SE4All objective
BulletEnsure universal access to modern energy, including electricity and cooking

 

Central indicator
Bullet Percentage of population with an electricity connection; Percentage of population with primary reliance on non-solid fuels for cooking

 

Indicator baseline 2010
BulletElectricity 83%; Cooking 58%

 

Indicator status 2012
BulletElectricity 85%; Cooking 59%

 

Indicator target 2030
Bullet100%